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Author:Football Prediction SiteJan 04, 2022, 10:13:40Read times
Description1. Introduction to Rugby Rugby originated in Rugby, England in 1823. It was originally called Rugby Football, or Rugby for short. Rugby union (Rugby union), also known as Rugby football, English abbreviation Rugby, also translated as Rugby

1. Introduction to Rugby

Rugby originated in Rugby, England in 1823. It was originally called Rugby Football, or Rugby for short. Rugby union (Rugby union), also known as Rugby football, English abbreviation Rugby, also translated as Rugby in China, also uses olive ball Rugby League, American football (American football, also known as American football) ), Canadian football (Canadian football), Australian football (Australian football), Gaelic football (Gaelic football, also known as Irish football)

Since there are many types of rugby, the names and rules are also slightly different. Considering space reasons, this tip will focus on introducing American rugby with a high degree of attention~

US -style football (American football) (American football) is a kind of rugby, American 's most popular sport, as the four major North American professional sports first!

American football originated from rugby football. After it was introduced to the United States, the rules changed. It was changed to adopt offensive and defensive lines for turn-based faceoffs, no movement restrictions, and the ability to toss and pass the ball forward. The purpose of this sport is to advance the ball to the opponent. There are many ways to score in the end zone , including holding the ball across the baseline, throwing the ball to a teammate behind the baseline, or kicking the ball directly on the ground through the middle of the two goal posts to shoot . The team with more points at the end of the game wins. American football is a highly antagonistic contact sport. Because of the strong physical collisions with opposing players during a ball game, players need to wear helmets and protective gear to play.

Second, the rules of the game

(1) Basic goal:

The American football game is played between two teams with a maximum of 53 players (NFL rules). Both sides send 11 players to the game and can change some or all of the players on the court at any time.

The side that has possession of the ball is the offensive side. The goal is to push the ball towards the opponent's position as much as possible, and strive to cross the scoring line and enter the opponent's end zone to score. There are two ways to attack, players run forward with the ball (rushing) or throw the ball forward (passing). The goal of the defender is to prevent the opponent's offensive scoring as much as possible and force it to lose possession of the ball. If the offensive team succeeds in scoring or loses possession of the ball, the two teams will switch offense and defense, and the game will continue on offense and defense in turn until the end of the four quarters.

(2) Venue:

American football stadiums are often nicknamed "Gridiron" (Gridiron), because the pattern of markings on the stadium makes the stadium look like a wire rack that can help food to be grilled on the stove. For this reason, American football and similar Canadian football are collectively referred to as "gridiron football". Because American football is more representative of the two, other English-speaking countries even simply refer to it as "gridiron" (gridiron) to refer specifically to American football.

The standard court used by the NFL and NCAA is a rectangular lawn 360 feet (120 yards or 109.7 meters) long and 160 feet (53.33 yards or 48.8 meters) wide (some indoor games will use grass-like carpets), and the longer border is called the sideline (Sideline), the shorter boundary is called the end line. The marking line before the end line is called the goal line. There is a 10 yard (9.1 m) deep scoring zone between the end line and the goal line on each side of the court called the end zone (also called the touchdown zone). Each of the four corners of the area has an orange rectangular parallelepiped pillar (pylon) about 1 foot long. The score lines on both sides are 100 yards (91.44 meters) apart, and the area between them is the playing field. In the competition area, a yard line (or 5-yard line) is marked every 5 yards (4.6 meters) from the scoring line, and a number is marked every 10 yards until the 50-yard line reaches the midfield. There are short horizontal marking lines arranged parallel to the sideline in the middle and on both sides of the court, called hash marks (or full code lines), and the code marking lines close to the sideline are called inbounds lines. Any player must serve on or between the yard line.

Schematic diagram of the playing field

(3) Scoring method:

1. Touchdown (TD), 6 points. When a player runs into the opponent's end zone with the ball, or receives a pass in the opponent's end zone (provided that the foot must touch the ground when receiving the ball, and there is no drop or grappling out of the end zone before landing), then It's a touchdown. The original meaning of "touchdown" in English is "touchdown", which is derived from rugby (you must hold the ball in the scoring zone when the ball touches the ground to be considered valid), but there is no "touchdown" rule for American rugby, as long as When holding the ball, the ball passes over the end zone. In the NFL rules, as long as any part of the sphere, no matter how much, enters the end zone, it can form a touchdown. In addition, any post in the four corners of the ball contacting the end zone is considered a touchdown, provided that the ball holder has not been grappled to the ground before the contact.

After a touchdown, the scoring team gets an extra point (or conversion) opportunity. The ball will be placed on the opponent's 3 yard line (NFL is the 2 yard line). The scoring team can choose to kick the ball into the goal and add 1 point, which is called point after touchdown (PAT); or it can make another touchdown by running or passing to get 2 points conversion (2 -point conversion). In the college and professional competitions, most of them are shots plus 1 point. The success rate of adding 1 point to a professional game is 94%, and that of college leagues is 93.8%, and the success rate of adding 2 points is only about 43%. If the defender succeeds in preventing the addition of 2 points, and grabs the ball and successfully counterattacks the touchdown, 2 points are awarded (not applicable to the NFL).

2. A field goal (FG) scores 3 points. The method is to kick the ball over the crossbar of the goal and between the two goal posts. When shooting, the ball must first touch the ground, usually the Holder is responsible for pressing the ball upright on the ground, and then the Placekicker kicks the ball out, which is called a placed kick. Another very uncommon method is that the kicker throws the ball down with a normal straight kick, but the kick is slightly delayed, and the ball is kicked out at the moment when the ball just touches the ground. (Drop kick). Usually when the offense is close to the goal line but has difficulty advancing enough yards before the end of the fourth attack, or when time is too short to score in other ways, they will choose to shoot. If you fail to shoot in high school games, you will lose possession of the ball to the defender, but you can still keep possession of the ball if it's not the fourth offensive in the college game.

3. Security (safety, commonly known as "suicide ball"), score 2 points. When the offensive team is forced to retreat to its own end zone, and then is grappled or dropped the ball, the defending team scores 2 points. Certain offensive fouls in their own end zone will also be sentenced to the defending team's security points.

(4) Player position:

According to tactical needs, the players of the American football team are usually divided into three groups: offense, defense, and special team. Each group usually has a captain, so each team will Have three leaders. When one's own side gains possession of the ball, the offensive team tries to advance the line to score; when the opponent has the ball, the defensive team is responsible for blocking the opponent's scoring; the special service team only plays in a few special situations-abandoned kicks, penalty kicks and kick-offs. Both sides can only have 11 players on the court at any time.

The quarterback (QB) that I have to talk about stands directly behind the center, and in almost all cases will receive the center's serve first, and the command to instruct the center to start serving is also called out by him—that is, Offensive actions are actually initiated by the quarterback, so it is also commonly known as the "signal caller". The quarterback is the captain of the offensive team, just like the lieutenant in the army. It is the commander who organizes the offensive, the center and brain of the entire offensive system. All the offensive tactics pre-arranged by the coaching team are communicated to the field through him for implementation ( Is it great?) . The quarterback also has the right to decide on the battlefield. It needs to observe the ebb and flow of the offensive and defensive situation on the field in real time. If you feel that the previous strategy does not meet the current situation or find that the opponent has seen through the original plan, he will use audible hints. Way to notify teammates of temporary changes in tactics. After receiving a service from the center, he can handoff, throw a long pass to running backs, close ends and wide receivers, or charge with the ball himself. A quarterback who is good at passing and charging is often called a dual-threat quarterback.

The editor secretly talks about it, great quarterbacks are generally good-looking and fleshy. Quietly put a picture of the editor’s favorite quarterback, Tom Brady.

3. Have you heard of NFL and Super Bowl ?

What is NFL?

The National Football League (NFL) is the first of the four major professional sports leagues in North America, the largest professional American football league in the world, and the most commercially valuable sports league in the world The league was first established in 1920 under the name of the American Professional Football Association, and later changed its name to the National Football League on January 28, 1922. The influence in the United States has exploded in the NBA, the Premier League, and the Champions League. Rugby is a true national sport in North America.

The National Football League is composed of 32 teams from different regions and cities in the United States. It is divided into the American Football Federation (AFC) and the National American Football Federation (NFC). Each league consists of four divisions, east, west, south and north, and each division has four teams.

The annual competition is divided into three time periods: Preseason, Regular Season and Playoff. A total of four weeks in the preseason, as a warm-up for the regular season.

Super Bowl! !

Even if you haven't watched a rugby game, you must have heard of the name of the Super Bowl. The Super Bowl is the annual championship game of the National Football League (also known as the National Football League), and the winner is called the "World Champion". The Super Bowl is generally held on the last Sunday of January or the first Sunday of February each year, and that day is called Super Bowl Sunday. "Super Bowl Sunday" (Super Bowl Sunday) has become the annual drama, basically an unofficial holiday, the event is also the nation's highest-rated TV sports program . The Super Bowl is the name of the game, and its trophy is the Vince Lombardi Trophy. The participating teams are the American Football Association champions and the National American Football Association champions of the season. The Super Bowl has been the highest-rated TV show in the United States for many years, and has gradually become an unofficial national holiday. In addition, Super Bowl Sunday is the second highest single-day food consumption day in the United States, second only to Thanksgiving. Before the opening of the Super Bowl and during the intermission, there will be many pop singers and musicians performing. Famous international stars such as Michael Jackson and Beyoncé have all appeared on the stage of the Super Bowl halftime show.

There are more equipment needed for training rugby, and athletes must be fully prepared. If they are not fully prepared, they will not be able to guarantee their own life safety, and it can also be more formal for our games, so training rugby We must prepare all the equipment.

1. The helmet is composed of a shell, a facemask and a chinstrap to reduce the possibility of injuries to the face, especially the bridge of the nose and mouth

2. Shoulder pads (shoulder pads) prevent shoulder dislocation due to collision, and protect the chest and ribs. The staff must choose the appropriate shoulder and chest pads according to their roles and positions.

3. Elbow pads (elbow pads), especially on artificial turf (artificialturf), because the ground is relatively hard, players must be equipped with elbow pads to avoid elbow contusion.

(2) Rugby agile practice

Rugby players must be able to accurately judge the situation in fast, complex and changeable games, and quickly and coordinately complete the tactical coordination of technical movements, which requires a high degree of sensitivity. Sensitivity is of great significance to the mastery and improvement of technical movements, especially complex techniques. The improvement of agility quality must be guaranteed by strength, speed, endurance and flexibility. It is necessary to be good at selecting certain skills in those items that are closely related to improving the agility on the rugby field for proper training. Analyzing the flexibility of the rugby field, it is mainly manifested in three aspects: one is to combine the various changes of the ball; the other is to use various falling and rising movements in a timely and reasonable manner in various situations; the third is to move in the air The ability to change and balance. Therefore, when choosing training items and action skills, the above three situations should be combined to avoid wasting time and energy to master which action skills are difficult to use on the football field. The agility on the field is also closely related to the level of rugby technology, the level of proficiency, and the strength of tactical awareness. Therefore, attention must be paid to organically combine technology and tactics to conduct various agility training.

1. Shoulder exercises

Step out your left foot to the left, shoulder-width apart. Place the left and right fingers together naturally on the shoulders, rotate the first 4 8 beats clockwise around the center of the hand for 2 beats, and vice versa for the last 4 8 beats.

2. Waist and abdomen exercise

Straddle left foot to the left slightly wider than shoulders, straighten both legs, extend both arms flat to both sides, palms down, keep the upper body posture unchanged, upper body parallel to the ground, 1 shot. Touch the left toe with the right hand, and touch the right toe with the left hand at 2 shots, alternately in turn. 4×8 shots. Requirements: The left and right rotation should be large, and the legs should be straight and fully extended.

3. Lunge press

Take a big step straight ahead with your left foot, touch the sole of your foot to the ground, with your thigh parallel to the ground; straighten your right leg, touch the sole of your forefoot, with your upper body upright, cross your hands against the back of your head, stretch your elbows back, raise your head and chest, body Up and down. 3. The 4×8 shooting is the same, but in the opposite direction. Keep your body steady, raise your head and chest, stretch your elbows back, with your thighs parallel to the ground.

Okay, this time the rugby sports tips are here, do you feel that you have been rewarded?

I hope everyone can learn more about this sport, fall in love with this sport, and love it. After all, having a healthy body can welcome a bright future!

Source: Ministry of Sports

Review: Ren Peng

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